Did You Know?
Jim Bridger (1804-1881). Trapper, scout, mountain man. One of first
white men to see the future Yellowstone Park and Great Salt Lake,
which he believed to be an arm of the Pacific Ocean. Became partner
of Rocky Mountain Fur Company in 1830 and established Fort Bridger
in Wyoming Territory in 1842. Laid out routes for the Central
Overland Stage and Pike's Peak Express Company. Returned to Missouri
in 1867 where died on his farm on July 17, 1881.
Rendezvous were held on a
yearly basis at various locations until 1840, mainly in Wyoming, but
Pierre's Hole in Idaho and Bear Lake in northwest Utah were favorite
sites as well.
Fort Manuel Lisa was
established in 1807 by Manuel Lisa at the mouth of the Big Horn
River near Hysham. This was the first permanent settlement in
Montana and was occupied until 1811.
John Jacob Astor was the first prominent member of the Astor family
and the first multi-millionaire in the US. He amassed his wealth
through fur-trading, opium smuggling, and New York City real estate.
Famed patron of the arts. At the time of his death, he was the
wealthiest person in the US.
In 1919, the Hudson’s Bay Company was approaching its 250th year in
business. What began in a coffee house in London, in 1670, had now
grown to become the undisputed leader of the international fur
The desire for beaver fur hats in European men’s fashions dates back
centuries and spurred the development of the 17th century North
American fur trade. Beaver fur was the most prized of the fur trade because of its water
repellant qualities. Encouraged by European trade goods, natives
hunted beaver to extinction in some areas.