Classification: Fur Bearing Wildlife Species
Other Names: Devil bear, carcajou, skunk bear, devil beast.
Status: Wolverine fur is highly valued and widely used in the Arctic and sub-Arctic as ruffs or trim on parkas and other garments. The most viable and widespread population of wolverines in the contiguous 48 states occurs in the Rocky Mountains of Montana. Official Montana furbearer managed and protected by regulated fur harvest seasons.
Identifying Characteristics: Except for its bushy tail, the wolverine looks like a small bear. Compact and strongly built. Medium brown to almost black in color. Color is paler on the head; two broad, yellowish stripes that start at shoulders and join on rump. Often displays white or light tan patch markings on the throat and chest. Feet are large in relation to size of body. Largest terrestrial member of the weasel family.
Total length: 31 to 51 inches. Weight: 35 to 60 pounds.
Habitat: The primary wolverine habitat in Montana is the coniferous forest types of the Rocky Mountains. Roams large areas in solitude. Mainly animals of the heavy forest.
Food Habits: A very opportunistic feeder. Generally a carnivore, will also feed on meat carrion and berries. Famous for robbing traps and food caches of trappers. When necessary, can kill animals many times its own size.
Life History: Active day or nights. Except for the breeding season exhibits solitary habits. General behavior is similar to other mustelid predators. Dens in any sheltered place. Breeds during summer; litters from 1 to 5 young are born between February and April. Exhibits delayed implantation of the fertilized egg.
Similar Species: Fisher - no yellowish body stripes.